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17 Credibility and reach of nutrition influencers on social media
  1. Melissa A Fernandez1,
  2. Anne Caretero2,
  3. Eyasu Jacob3,
  4. Josh Karatha3 and
  5. Kim D Raine1
  1. 1School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Canada
  2. 2Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science Department, University of Alberta, Canada
  3. 3WISEST Summer Research Program, University of Alberta, Canada


Background Nutrition influencers can reach large segments of the public, regardless of formal training or credentials. Though social media is a popular source of nutrition information, it may not be credible. Furthermore, the perceived credibility of nutrition information may be enhanced through social validation (i.e., popularity of the public figure), yet this phenomenon has not been examined.

Objective To examine the credibility of nutrition influencers’ websites in relation to their social media reach.

Methods Nutrition influencers identified through a key word search on popular search engines: Yahoo! Google, and Bing who had active public websites and Instagram accounts were included. ‘Tips to Spot Misinformation’ developed for the public by the Dietitians of Canada and PEN: Practice Evidence-Based Nutrition were used to create a credibility score for each website. Based on scores, websites were categorized as having low, moderate, or high credibility. The reach of each influencer was ascertained by combining the total number of followers/subscribers from five popular social media platforms (Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Pinterest).

Results Of the 39 websites, there were 12 (31%) high, 13 (33%) moderate, and 14 (36%) low credibility sites, and the average number of followers for each group were 186 775, 547 088 and 2 153 515, respectively. There was a significant difference in followers between the three groups (p = 0.017) and a significantly lower number of followers for influencers with high credibility websites compared to low credibility websites (p = 0.022), with more than 10 times fewer followers.

Discussion Popular influencers with low credibility websites have enormous reach whereas influencers with highly credible websites lack the ability to reach large segments of the population. Further research is needed to understand how social validation influences the public’s eating behaviors and to identify strategies that will increase the visibility of highly credible information.

This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See:

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