Total | Overweight/obese | Control | P value | |

Total | 163 | 73 | 90 | |

Mean age±SD, years | 41.47±13.07 | 45.39±12.08 | 38.33±13.05 | 0.005* |

Sex, number (%) | ||||

Female | 94 (58.0%) | 48 (51.0%) | 46 (49.0%) | 0.046* |

Male | 68 (42.0%) | 24 (35.0%) | 44 (65.0%) | |

BMI, kg/m^{2} | 31.81±2.97 | 20.70±2.40 | 0.000* | |

Ethnicity, number (%) | ||||

Kazakh | 93 (57.0%) | 33 (35.5%) | 60 (64.5%) | 0.008* |

Russian | 69 (43.0%) | 39 (56.5%) | 30 (43.5%) | |

Smoking, number (%) | ||||

No | 117 (72.2%) | 58 (49.6%) | 59 (50.4%) | 0.034* |

Yes | 45 (27.8%) | 14 (31.1%) | 31 (68.9%) |

Age and BMI are presented with mean±SD. Rest of the variables are given with number and percentage (%). Age and BMI p values were obtained from Student’s t-test with unequal variances. Other variables p values were acquired from the χ

^{2}test.*Statistically significant p values (<0.05).

BMI, body mass index.