Table 2

Body mass index of mothers presenting to Shabelle Health and Nutrition Center by child nutrition and maternal gestational status—November 2019 to March 2020 (n=2119)†

Nutritional status of the child aged 6–59 months
Wasted‡Non-wasted‡All children
Mother status§¶
Pregnant, n337273610
 Mean BMI (SD)24.84 (5.2)25.45 (4.98)25.11 (5.11)
Lactating, n6576141
 Mean BMI (SD)24.51 (5.85)25.07 (6.13)24.82 (5.99)
Neither pregnant nor lactating, n8235451368
 BMI <16 kg/m2, n (%)9 (1.1)5 (0.9)14 (1.0)
 16≥BMI≤18.4 kg/m2, n (%)65 (7.9)31 (5.7)96 (7.0)
 18.5≥BMI<25 kg/m2, n (%)418 (50.8)276 (50.6)694 (50.7)
 BMI ≥25 kg/m2, n (%)331 (40.2)233 (42.8)564 (41.2)
 Mean BMI (SD)24.43 (5.26)*25.06 (5.47)*24.68 (5.35)
  • *p<0.05; indicated as significant.

  • †Significant p values were calculated comparing mothers with wasted children to mothers with non-wasted children.

  • ‡Wasted is defined as children aged 6–59 months with WHZ <−2 and/or MUAC <12.5 cm and/or bilateral oedema. All other children were defined as non-wasted.

  • §Mother status was defined to be mutually exclusive. Pregnant mothers included women who self-identified as pregnant. Lactating mothers included non-pregnant mothers breast feeding a child between the ages of 0 and 5 months; the breastfed child was not necessarily the child enrolled in the study. Neither pregnant nor lactating mothers were defined as women who were neither pregnant nor lactating a child under 6 months of age.

  • ¶Mothers missing information on weight and height (n=18) or BMI values out of range (n=5) were excluded from this analysis (total excluded, n=23).

  • BMI, body mass index; MUAC, mid-upper arm circumference; WHZ, weight-for-height z-score.