Table 1

Comparison of anthropometry, iron status and prevalence of anaemia in children with 1 year of suspension of the MDM, IFA supplementation and bi-annual deworming

ParametersFebruary 2020 (N=290)February 2021 (N=290)P value
Age (y)*8.4±1.49.7±1.4<0.0001
Weight (Kg)*20.8±3.624.4±5.2<0.0001
Height (cm)*121.9±8.3129.4±8.5<0.0001
BMI for age Z-score*−1.52±0.86−1.48±1.060.18
Haemoglobin (g/dL)*12.1±1.111.6±1.1<0.0001
Serum ferritin (ng/mL)‡§15.1 (10.4, 20.3)14.8 (9.80, 23.4)0.037
Anaemia (%)†62 (21.3%)115 (39.5%)<0.0001
  • *Paired t-test.

  • †Mc-Nemar’s χ2 test.

  • ‡Wilcoxon Sign-Rank test.

  • §Mean±SD; median (quartile 1, quartile 3).

  • BMI, body mass index; ID, iron deficiency, measured based on serum ferritin cut-off <15 ng/mL; IFA, iron folic acid; MDM, mid-day meal.