Table 1

Characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes by hospitalisation status following COVID-19 diagnosis

Non-hospitalised
n=301 (88.8%)
NHospitalised
n=38 (11.2%)
NP value
Age (years)54.7±8.930156.9±7.4380.100
Gender
 Male
 Female
152 (50.5 %)
149 (49.5 %)
30116 (42.1%)
22 (57.9%)
380.422
Days on MSKD317.3±390.0301381.0±491.0380.445
HbA1c at enrolment (%)8.0±1.73017.9±1.8380.761
Mean glucose (mg/dL), enrolment to COVID-19 onset
 Fasting
 All
134.7±29.7
131.7±28.9
293
298
139.1±28.6
139.4±30.6
36
36
0.390
0.158
Mean ketones (mmol/L),
enrolment to COVID-19 onset
0.64±0.4 301 0.52±0.3 38 0.016
Weight (kg)
 Enrolment
 COVID-19 onset
Per cent weight loss
110.6±24.1
102.8±22.0
6.8±6.2
299
293
291
112.9±26.8
108.8±27.1
4.2±5.2
38
36
36
0.622
0.206
0.009
BMI (kg/m2)
 Enrolment
 COVID-19 onset
37.3±7.4
34.6±6.7
299
293
38.3±7.8
36.7±7.6
38
36
0.467
0.118
  • Table reports mean±SD or N (%). Welch t-tests with unequal variances were performed for continuous variables, and Χ2 tests were performed for categorical variables.

  • BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, Hemoglobin A1c; MSKD, medically supervised ketogenic diet.