Table 1

Distribution of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients with T1DM (n=224)

Age (years)*28.2*(7.8)
Sex, male91(40.6)
Marital status
Educational level
 High school or lower51(22.8)
DM duration (years)
 HbA1c levels (%)*8.3*(1.4)
DM complications
 No disease137(61.2)
 Diabetic retinopathy17(7.6)
 Diabetic foot2(0.9)
 Diabetic nephropathy13(5.8)
 Diabetic neuropathy6(2.7)
 Other diseases42(18.8)
Type of intensive insulin therapy
 Multiple daily insulin injections198(88.4)
 Insulin pump26(11.6)
CC use
Frequency of visits to a dietitian in the past 2 years
 Has not visited a dietitian14(6.3)
 1–2 times93(41.5)
 3–5 times56(25.0)
 ˃5 times61(27.2)
No of times taught about CC
 1–2 times111(49.6)
 3–5 times52(23.2)
 ˃5 times53(23.7)
  • *Mean (SD).

  • CC, carbohydrate counting; DM, diabetes mellitus; HbA1c, glycated haemoglobin; T1DM, type 1 diabetes mellitus.