Table 1

Operational definitions of variables

VariablesAHA definitionCriteria in the present study
SmokingIdeal: Never smoked or having smoked for more than 12 months
Intermediate: Stopped smoking for less than 12 months
Poor: Current smoker–participants who reported consuming all forms of smoking tobacco (cigarette, pipe, snuff, etc.) daily or occasionally within 30 days of the survey.
Fruit and vegetable consumptionIdeal: Four to five fruit and vegetable components/day
Intermediate: Two to three fruit and vegetable components/day
Poor: Zero to one fruit and vegetable component/day
Ideal: Consume at least 5 servings of fruit and vegetables per day
Intermediate: Two to four servings of fruit and vegetables per day
Poor: Zero to one serving of fruits and vegetables per day
Physical activityIdeal: ≥150 min/week moderate intensity or≥75 min/week vigorous intensity exercise or≥150 min/week moderate+vigorous intensity exercise
Intermediate: A total of 1–149 min/week moderate intensity, 1–74 min/week vigorous intensity or 1–149 min/week moderate+vigorous exercise
Poor: No physical activity
Ideal: ≥1500 metabolic equivalent of task (MET)-min/week
Intermediate: 600–1500 MET-min/week
Poor: <600 MET-min/week
Body mass indexIdeal: <25 kg/m2
Intermediate: 25–29.9 kg/m2
Low: ≥30 kg/m2
Blood pressureIdeal: Systolic BP (SBP)<120 mmHg or diastolic BP (DBP)<80 mmHg
Intermediate: SBP between 120 and 139 mm Hg and DBP between 80 and 89 mm Hg or subjects on antihypertensive medication poor: SBP≥140 mmHg or DBP≥90 mmHg
Total cholesterolIdeal: < 200 mg/dL
Intermediate: 200–239 mg/dL or treatment
Poor: ≥240 mg/dL
GlycaemiaIdeal: <100 mg/dL
Intermediate: 100–125 mg/dL or treatment
Poor: ≥126 mg/dL
Poor00 ideal criteria
Intermediate11 ‘ideal’ criterion
22 ‘ideal’ criteria
33 ‘ideal’ criteria
44 ‘ideal’ criteria
55 ‘ideal’ criteria
66 ‘ideal’ criteria
Ideal7All criteria are ‘ideal’