Table 4

Age-Standardised prevalence of CVH metrics in 2008 and 2015 by sex

Health metricsMenWomen
2008 (n=1758)2015 (n=1369)2008(n=1859)2015 (n=1491)
Smoking
 Poor16.1 (14.2–18.0)11.2 (9.7–12.7)0.8 (0.4–1.2)0.5 (0.2–0.8)
 Intermediate1.2 (0.6–1.7)0.0 (0.0–0.0)0.1 (0.0–0.2)0.00
 Ideal82.7 (80.7–84.7)88.8 (87.3–90.3)99.1 (98.6–99.5)99.5 (99.2–99.8)
Fruit and vegetable intake
 Poor35.6 (33.1–38.1)52.7 (50.3–55.2)32.7 (30.2–35.2)50.3 (48.1–52.6)
 Intermediate39.9 (37.3–42.4)40.5 (38.2–42.9)44.0 (41.4–46.6)41.9 (39.7–44.1)
 Ideal24.5 (22.3–26.8)6.7 (5.5–7.9)23.3 (21.1–25.6)7.7 (6.5–8.9)
Physical activity
 Poor3.3 (2.4–4.2)17.3 (15.4–19.1)5.0 (3.9–6.1)20.7 (18.9–22.5)
 Intermediate3.1 (2.2–4.0)5.9 (4.8–7.1)4.7 (3.6–5.7)9.6 (8.3–10.9)
 Ideal93.6 (92.3–94.8)76.8 (74.7–78.8)90.3 (88.8–91.8)69.6 (67.6–71.6)
Body mass index
 Poor4.4 (3.4–5.5)5.8 (4.7–6.9)14.7 (12.9–16.5)14.6 (13.0–16.1)
 Intermediate17.5 (15.5–19.4)17.9 (16.1–19.8)23.7 (21.5–25.9)22.7 (20.8–24.6)
 Ideal78.1 (75.9–80.2)76.3 (74.2–78.3)61.6 (59.1–64.1)62.7 (60.6–64.9)
Blood pressure
 Poor26.6 (24.4–28.8)30.9 (28.7–33.1)24.1 (22.1–26.1)31.7 (29.7–33.7)
 Intermediate47.0 (44.4–49.6)43.2 (40.8–45.7)29.7 (27.3–32.1)35.1 (33.0–37.2)
 Ideal26.4 (24.1–28.7)25.8 (23.7–28.0)46.2 (43.6–48.7)33.2 (31.1–35.3)
Total cholesterol
 Poor1.4 (0.8–2.1)3.7 (2.8–4.6)1.4 (0.8–2.0)6.8 (5.7–7.9)
 Intermediate2.4 (1.7–3.1)8.5 (7.0–9.7)4.2 (3.2–5.3)12.9 (11.4–14.4)
 Ideal96.1 (95.2–97.1)87.9 (86.4–89.5)94.3 (93.1–95.5)80.2 (78.4–82.0)
Fasting plasma glucose
 Poor0.8 (0.4–1.2)6.1 (4.9–7.2)0.4 (0.1–0.8)6.8 (5.8–8.0)
 Intermediate4.2 (3.2–5.3)18.0 (16.2–19.9)3.1 (2.2–3.9)17.4 (15.7–19.1)
 Ideal94.9 (93.8–96.0)75.9 (73.8–78.0)96.45 (95.5–97.4)75.7 (73.8–77.6)
Scores
0–2 CVH metrics0.7 (0.3–1.2)6.8 (5.6–7.9)1.2 (0.7–1.7)9.7 (8.5–11.0)
3–5 CVH metrics69.7 (67.3–72.1)79.4 (77.4–81.4)61.5 (59.0–64.0)72.9 (70.9–74.9)
6–7 CVH metrics29.6 (27.2–32.0)13.8 (12.1–15.5)37.4 (34.8–39.9)17.4 (15.6–19.1)
 00000.03 (0.00–0.09)
 101.3 (0.7–1.8)02.5 (1.8–3.2)
 20.7 (0.3–1.2)5.5 (4.4–6.6)1.2 (0.7–1.7)7.2 (6.1–8.3)
 36.3 (5.0–7.5)12.8 (11.2–14.4)5.2 (4.1–6.2)15.6 (14.0–17.2)
 424.1 (21.9–26.3)29.6 (27.4–31.8)20.8 (18.8–22.9)26.9 (24.9–28.9)
 539.73 (36.8–41.8)37.0 (34.7–39.4)35.5 (33.0–38.0)30.4 (28.3–32.4)
 623.9 (21.7–26.2)12.8 (11.1–14.4)28.8 (26.4–31.2)15.9 (14.3–17.6)
 75.6 (4.4–6.9)1.1 (0.5–1.6)8.6 (7.1–10.1)1.4 (0.8–1.9)
Average score5.0 (4.9–5.1)4.4 (4.2–4.5)5.0 (4.9–5.0)4.5 (4.1–4.9)