Table 3

Multivariable associations between cardiometabolic risk factors, self-rated diet quality score and Mediterranean Diet Score

Self-rated diet qualityMediterranean Diet Score
Nβ (95% CI)β (95% CI)
Body mass index*, kg/m27792.3 (2.8 to 1.9)0.6 (−0.8 to 0.5)
Systolic blood pressure
 Model 1*7991.4 (−2.6 to −0.1)−0.1 (−0.7 to 0.5)
 Model 2†773−0.2 (−1.5 to 1.2)0.2 (−0.4 to 0.8)
Diastolic blood pressure
 Model 17991.3 (−2.0 to −0.5)0.1 (−0.3 to 0.5)
 Model 2773−0.7 (−1.5 to 0.1)0.2 (−0.2 to 0.6)
Hemoglobin A1C (%)
 Model 12540.4 (−0.5 to −0.2)0.1 (−0.2 to −0.02)
 Model 22470.2 (−0.3 to −0.03)−0.1 (−0.1 to 0.03)
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)
 Model 13482.7 (−2.9 to 7.4)1.7 (−0.8 to 4.1)
 Model 23271.1 (−4.1 to 6.4)0.1 (−2.5 to 2.6)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)
 Model 13484.7 (2.8 to 6.5)1.5 (0.5 to 2.5)
 Model 23272.2 (0.2 to 4.2)0.6 (−0.4 to 1.6)
Triglycerides (mg/dL)
 Model 134812.4 (−19.8 to 5.0)−3.1 (−7.0 to 0.9)
 Model 2327−4.4 (−12.3 to 3.6)−1.4 (−5.3 to 2.5)
  • *Model 1: linear regression model adjusted for age, sex and race/ethnicity.

  • †Model 2: linear regression model adjusted for model 1 covariates +body mass index.