Table 1

Qualitative composition of the interventions: the dietary supplement, the administered vitamins and minerals solution, and the placebo

Dietary supplementVitamins and mineralsPlacebo
Plant extractsFruit extract (Malpighia glabra)
Fruit extracts (Opuntia ficus indica)
Leaf extract (Ginkgo biloba)
Leaf extract (Salix alba)
Root extract (Zingiber officinale)
Vitamins and mineralsMagnesium citrateMagnesium citrate
Potassium chloridePotassium chloride
Sodium bicarbonateSodium bicarbonate
Zinc citrateZinc citrate
Thiamine hydrochlorideThiamine hydrochloride
Folic acidFolic acid
Additional compoundsSteviol glycosidesSteviol glycosides
  • The complete FSMP includes all components, whereas the second intervention omits plant extracts and the placebo solely contains sugar. Additional compounds are only relevant to taste. Each composition contained 7.5 g of powder which was dissolved in 100 mL of water.

  • FSMP, food for special medical purposes.