Table 2

Differences between genders for the responses to the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) questionnaire

 Total of correct answers % (n) F% (n) M% (n) P value Do you use olive oil as main culinary fat? (Yes) (n=1106) 88.9 (983) 68.9 (677) 30.0 (295) 0.155 How much olive oil do you consume in a given day? (≥4 tbsp) (n=1099) 6.8 (75) 68.0 (51) 30.7 (23) 0.049 How many vegetable servings do you consume per day? (≥2) (n=1103) 56.2 (650) 70.0 (433) 29.4 (182) 0.088 How many fruit units do you consume per day? (≥3 pieces) (n=1104) 23.2 (256) 74.5 (190) 25.5 (65) 0.011 How many servings of red meat, hamburger or meat products do you consume per day? A full serving is 100–150 g (<1 portion) (n=1092) 32.9 (359) 77.9 (279) 20.7 (74) 0.000 How many servings (12 g) of butter, margarine or cream do you consume per day? (<1 portion) (n=1088) 55.1 (600) 72.2 (434) 26.1 (157) 0.000 How much sweetened or carbonated beverages do you drink per day? (<1 per day) (n=1051) 81.3 (854) 68.7 (587) 30.6 (261) 0.012 Do you drink wine? How much do you drink per week? (≥7 cups) (n=1002) 0.8 (8) 25.0 (2) 75.0 (6) 0.103 How many servings (150 g) of legumes do you consume per week? (≥3) (n=1093) 53.8 (587) 69.3 (407) 29.1 (171) 0.102 How many servings of fish/seafood do you consume per week? (100–150 g of fish, 200 g of seafood) (≥3) (n=1095) 50.1 (550) 66.9 (368) 32.9 (181) 0.010 How many times per week do you consume commercial sweets or pastries, such as cakes, cookies, biscuits or custard? (<3 times) (n=1093) 59.3 (648) 68.5 (444) 30.1 (195) 0.370 How many servings of nuts (including peanuts) do you consume per week? (1 serving: 30 g) (≥3) (n=1079) 21.3 (230) 65.7 (151) 33.9 (78) 0.388 Do you preferentially consume chicken, turkey or rabbit meat instead of veal, pork, hamburger or sausage? (Yes) (n=1104) 55.5 (613) 74.2 (455) 25.3 (155) 0.000 How many times per week do you consume vegetables, pasta, rice or other dishes seasoned with sofrito (sauce made with tomato and onion, leek or garlic and simmered with olive oil)? (≥2) (n=1102) 88.6 (976) 67.6 (660) 31.3 (305) 1.000
• Bold denotes statistically significant differences (p<0.05).