Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the sample

CountryTotal (N)Disability, n (%)Age, mean (SD)Male, n (%)Rural, n (%)Wealth quintile, mean (SD)Stunted, n (%)Wasted, n (%)Underweight, n (%)
Pooled229 62115 071 (6.6)3.01 (0.81)117 132 (51.0)155 120 (67.6)2.66 (1.38)72 489 (31.6)13 606 (5.9)42 716 (18.6)
Algeria9089234 (2.6)3.01 (0.81)4669 (51.4)3426 (37.7)2.68 (1.37)885 (9.7)154 (1.7)217 (2.4)
Argentina3991148 (3.7)3.03 (0.82)2074 (52.0)3991 (100.0)2.74 (1.41)377 (9.4)80 (2.0)107 (2.7)
Bangladesh14 055373 (2.7)3.00 (0.81)7298 (51.9)11 471 (81.6)2.79 (1.42)4078 (29.0)1297 (9.2)3439 (24.5)
Central African Republic5436784 (14.4)3.02 (0.81)2697 (49.6)3523 (64.8)2.97 (1.39)2400 (44.2)215 (4.0)1249 (23.0)
Chad14 1551524 (10.8)3.03 (0.81)7185 (50.8)11 679 (82.5)2.76 (1.41)5871 (41.5)2006 (14.2)4532 (32.0)
Costa Rica2212154 (7.0)2.96 (0.81)1153 (52.1)920 (41.6)2.46 (1.37)141 (6.4)35 (1.6)61 (2.8)
Cuba335668 (2.0)3.02 (0.79)1687 (50.3)1002 (29.9)3.04 (1.40)234 (7.0)92 (2.7)96 (2.9)
Dominican Republic5075201 (4.0)3.02 (0.82)2538 (50.0)1722 (33.9)2.51 (1.37)283 (5.6)98 (1.9)147 (2.9)
Democratic Republic of Congo12 742943 (7.4)3.00 (0.81)6286 (49.3)9320 (73.1)2.35 (1.24)6382 (50.1)716 (5.6)3425 (26.9)
The Gambia6166417 (6.8)3.02 (0.80)3153 (51.1)3900 (63.3)2.34 (1.32)1425 (23.1)364 (5.9)985 (16.0)
Ghana5413551 (10.2)3.01 (0.81)2661 (49.2)3263 (60.3)2.66 (1.44)1041 (19.2)230 (4.2)602 (11.1)
Guinea Bissau4602188 (4.1)3.03 (0.82)2363 (51.3)3587 (77.9)2.51 (1.30)1303 (28.3)202 (4.4)743 (16.1)
Honduras5177282 (5.4)3.03 (0.80)2648 (51.1)3415 (66.0)2.49 (1.34)1184 (22.9)70 (1.4)412 (8.0)
Iraq10 179341 (3.4)3.02 (0.80)5198 (51.1)3833 (37.7)2.64 (1.40)1055 (10.4)177 (1.7)303 (3.0)
Kiribati1268156 (12.3)3.01 (0.82)634 (50.0)807 (63.6)2.55 (1.39)238 (18.8)20 (1.6)75 (5.9)
Lao7178220 (3.1)2.99 (0.81)3617 (50.4)4358 (60.7)2.61 (1.39)2887 (40.2)572 (8.0)1806 (25.2)
Lesotho2027169 (8.3)3.01 (0.83)987 (48.7)1550 (76.5)2.48 (1.37)710 (35.0)33 (1.6)196 (9.7)
Madagascar7626750 (9.8)3.02 (0.81)3855 (50.6)5895 (77.3)2.44 (1.34)3297 (43.2)457 (6.0)2133 (28.0)
Malawi9133489 (5.4)2.97 (0.82)4560 (49.9)8041 (88.0)2.87 (1.39)3213 (35.2)196 (2.1)1172 (12.8)
Mongolia380389 (2.3)3.02 (0.81)1976 (52.0)1882 (49.5)2.56 (1.35)432 (11.4)34 (0.9)73 (1.9)
Nepal418878 (1.9)3.02 (0.80)2179 (52.0)1847 (44.1)2.68 (1.39)1501 (35.8)429 (10.2)1112 (26.6)
Pakistan67 6125579 (8.3)3.02 (0.81)34 950 (51.7)51 030 (75.5)2.66 (1.38)28 674 (42.4)5448 (8.1)17 859 (26.4)
Palestine370788 (2.4)2.95 (0.81)1924 (51.9)1571 (42.4)3.09 (1.38)270 (7.3)42 (1.1)65 (1.8)
Samoa1571115 (7.3)3.00 (0.82)824 (52.5)1166 (74.2)2.94 (1.41)115 (7.3)29 (1.8)51 (3.2)
Sao Tome and Principe116270 (6.0)3.00 (0.83)595 (51.2)473 (40.7)2.85 (1.39)154 (13.3)37 (3.2)61 (5.2)
Sierra Leone7088514 (7.3)3.01 (0.82)3515 (49.6)5026 (70.9)2.54 (1.31)2251 (31.8)220 (3.1)808 (11.4)
Suriname270992 (3.4)2.98 (0.81)1422 (52.5)904 (33.4)2.66 (1.40)173 (6.4)110 (4.1)152 (5.6)
Togo2973226 (7.6)3.01 (0.82)1537 (51.7)2061 (69.3)2.76 (1.39)824 (27.7)133 (4.5)465 (15.6)
Tunisia217179 (3.6)3.06 (0.81)1098 (50.6)818 (37.7)2.87 (1.37)176 (8.1)33 (1.5)22 (1.0)
Zimbabwe3757149 (4.0)3.01 (0.82)1849 (49.2)2639 (70.2)2.87 (1.42)915 (24.4)77 (2.0)348 (9.3)