Table 2

Dietary parameters of the menuCH population, overall and by absolute and relative dietary fibre intake groups

menuCH Absolute dietary fibre intakeRelative dietary fibre intake
(n=2057)<15 g/day (n=527)15–30 g/day (n=1268)≥30 g/day (n=262)<10 g/1000 kcal/day (n=1193)10–14 g/1000 kcal/day (n=624)≥14 g/1000 kcal/day (n=240)
Dietary fibre intake (g/day), median (IQR)19 (15–25)12 (10–14)20 (18–24)36 (32–39)17 (13–21)23 (19–28)31 (24–37)
Dietary fibre intake (g/1000 kcal/day), median (IQR)9.2 (7.0–12)6.8 (5.5–8.4)9.5 (7.6–12)14 (11–15)7.4 (6.3–8.6)12 (11–13)16 (15–18)
Energy intake (kcal/day), median (IQR)2111 (1702–2584)1644 (1379–2023)2168 (1818–2596)2698 (2269–3305)2256 (1813–2714)1943 (1636–2380)1833 (1418–2268)
Total intake (g/day), median (IQR)3372 (2787–3988)2906 (2382–3576)3395 (2876–4019)3948 (3485–4829)3340 (2798–3959)3368 (2744–3955)3581 (2894–4335)
CHO energy percentage, median (IQR)42 (36–48)40 (34–47)43 (37–48)46 (40–50)41 (35–47)43 (38–48)47 (40–52)
Fat energy percentage, median (IQR)36 (31–41)36 (31–42)36 (31–41)35 (30–40)36 (32–41)36 (31–41)32 (28–38)
Protein energy percentage, median (IQR)15 (13–17)16 (13–19)15 (13–17)14 (12–16)15 (13–17)14 (13–17)14 (12–17)
Protein intake(g/kg BW*/day), median (IQR)1.1 (0.9–1.4)0.9 (0.8–1.2)1.1 (0.9–1.4)1.3 (1.1–1.6)1.1 (0.9–1.5)1.1 (0.8–1.3)1.0 (0.7–1.3)
UPF weight percentage, median (IQR)9.7 (4.6–18)11 (5.4–20)9.8 (4.7–17)7.1 (3.7–12)13 (6.9–22)6.8 (3.6–12)3.9 (1.9–7.4)
UPF weight percentage quartile, n (weighted %)
 Q1515 (25)114 (21)316 (24)85 (35)171 (14)222 (34)122 (53)
 Q2514 (24)118 (21)320 (25)76 (26)262 (21)175 (28)77 (28)
 Q3514 (25)133 (25)323 (26)58 (22)330 (27)156 (25)28 (13)
 Q4514 (26)162 (33)309 (26)43 (17)430 (38)71 (12)13 (5.5)
UPF energy percentage, median (IQR)26 (16–37)30 (18–41)26 (16–37)20 (12–29)31 (20–41)21 (13–31)18 (10–23)
UPF energy percentage quartile, n (weighted %)
 Q1515 (24)99 (18)325 (25)91 (35)194 (16)214 (33)107 (45)
 Q2514 (25)125 (23)304 (24)85 (33)259 (21)175 (28)80 (34)
 Q3514 (26)134 (27)327 (27)53 (20)342 (29)136 (23)36 (14)
 Q4514 (25)169 (33)312 (25)33 (12)398 (34)99 (15)17 (6.6)
AHEI†, median (IQR)45 (36–54)40 (34–47)45 (36–54)55 (46–65)39 (32–46)51 (44–59)61 (52–68)
Dietary patterns‡, n (weighted %)
 Prudent486 (24)97 (19)301 (23)88 (35)169 (14)206 (35)111 (45)
 Swiss traditional744 (35)155 (29)477 (36)112 (41)411 (33)252 (38)81 (32)
 Western-soft drinks383 (20)129 (26)233 (19)21 (9.1)317 (28)56 (8.2)10 (6.3)
 Western alcohol444 (22)146 (26)257 (22)41 (15)296 (24)110 (19)38 (17)
Meat consumption§, n (weighted %)
 None92 (5.1)13 (2.8)51 (4.5)28 (12)22 (1.9)36 (7.3)34 (16)
 Low308 (14)52 (8.0)190 (15)66 (26)115 (8.6)122 (21)71 (27)
 Medium1349 (64)330 (60)863 (67)156 (58)819 (68)408 (61)122 (52)
 High308 (16)132 (29)164 (13)12 (4.1)237 (21)58 (10)13 (4.7)
Fruits and nuts (g/day), median (IQR)116 (27–237)48 (0.0–119)132 (42–238)290 (158–432)69 (4.4–157)200 (97–319)290 (193–417)
Vegetables (g/day), median (IQR)113 (53–197)71 (28–125)118 (60–199)206 (124–295)87 (41–159)146 (80–227)213 (116–313)
Cereals (g/day), median (IQR)169 (101–259)118 (69–183)180 (117–269)248 (159–410)166 (100–253)173 (105–263)167 (96–253)
  • n are unweighted, all other results are weighted for age group, sex, marital status, major region of Switzerland, nationality, household size, season and weekday according to the menuCH weighting strategy.34 If the percentages do not add up exactly to 100%, this is due to rounding differences.

  • *Measured body weight corrected for clothing, if measured body weight was unavailable, self-reported body weight was used (n=7), for pregnant and lactating women reported body weight before pregnancy was used (n=27)

  • †Minimum score=0, maximum score=110

  • ‡According to Krieger et al.32

  • §According to Steinbach et al.33

  • AHEI, Alternate Healthy Eating Index; CHO, carbohydrate; NA, not available; Q, quartile; UPF, ultraprocessed food.