Table 4

Overall change in dietary intake from baseline to 3-month, 6-month and 12-month follow-up

NutrientBaseline3 months6 months12 monthsRM-ANOVARM-ANOVASplit-Plot ANOVA
GLBGLB+NGxGLBGLB+NGxGLBGLB+NGxGLBGLB+NGxP value: GLBP value: GLB+NGxP interaction
Calories (kcal±SD)1709.2±502.91873.9±528.21473.2±358.51662.9±543.41566.2±394.11713.2±602.61473.5±339.61639.1±680.80.170.300.99
Protein (g±SD)70.7±23.386.6±23.573.6±26.777.1±25.875.1±28.480.6±29.368.6±29.072.3±24.20.630.200.44
Protein (%kcal±SD)16.7±2.819.1±5.320.3±6.119.1±4.819.2±5.019.7±7.118.6±5.818.6±5.80.110.910.35
Total fat (g±SD)74.1±33.675.0±22.653.3±20.861.2±28.362.8±27.960.6±28.359.7±19.155.4±29.40.14 0.01a 0.63
Total fat (%kcal±SD)37.7±8.236.0±4.831.2±8.331.9±7.435.5±10.131.4±9.236.2±7.230.2±8.70.12 0.02b 0.24
SFA (g±SD)24.6±12.324.4±8.118.6±9.719.7±11.121.1±8.821.3±12.819.7±6.517.6±10.80.220.080.85
SFA (%kcal±SD)12.2±3.111.9±3.310.8±4.410.2±3.711.7±3.910.8±4.611.9±3.19.3±3.30.640.130.45
Total UnSFA (g±SD)48.7±22.449.6±17.233.7±13.040.5±18.741.1±23.138.2±16.438.6±14.736.8±19.20.17 0.02 c 0.56
Total UnSFA (%kcal±SD)24.5±6.123.3±3.820.2±5.720.8±5.622.7±8.419.7±5.422.8±5.219.7±6.00.230.050.35
  • GLB group: n=16, GLB+NGx group: n=18 (total n=32). Bold values are significant at p<0.05. Effect sizes: a. 0.190; b. 0.187; c. 0.191.

  • GLB, Group Lifestyle Balance; nutrigenomics, NGx; RM-ANOVA, repeated-measures analysis of variance; SFA, saturated fatty acid.