Table 6

Bivariate analyses between undernutrition and disease symptoms (including micronutrient deficiency)

Background variableType of intervention and conditions†Stunting (N=1498)Underweight (N=1498)Wasting (N=1498)
Nutrition specificNutrition sensitiveEnabling environment(+) Stunted(−) Not stuntdP value ‡§(+) Under weight(−) Not underweightP value ‡(+) Wasted(−) Not wastedP value‡
N(%)n(%)n(%)n(%)n(%)n(%)
Categorical variables
Low birth weight
(−) Not low birth weight:≥2500 [g)60167.171489Ref.25585106088.9Ref.8983.2122688.5Ref.
v103: (+) Low birth weight:<2500 (g)X8912.988110.262451513211.10.0721816.815911.50.119
Total66010077310028310011501001051001328100
Anaemia§
(-) Without anaemia: haemoglobin concentration ≥110 (g/L)29145.530949.9Ref.12544.847548.5Ref.3944.856147.9Ref.
v104: (+) With anaemia: haemoglobin concentration <110 (g/L)X34854.531050.10.12815455.250451.50.2784855.261052.10.657
Total66010077310028310011501001051001328100
Diarrhoea during the last 2 weeks
(−) Without diarrhoea46370.252868.3Ref.20070.779168.8Ref.6763.892469.6Ref.
v105: (+) With diarrhoeaX19729.824531.70.4568329.335931.20.5663836.240430.40.228
Total66010077310028310011501001051001328100
Cough during the last 2 weeks
(-) Without cough3865843655.8Ref.15553.666757.6Ref.4845.377457.8Ref.
v106: (+) with coughX2794234544.20.42413446.449042.40.2325854.756642.20.014*
Total66510078110028910011571001061001340100
Fever during the last 2 weeks
(−) Without cough3865843655.8Ref.15553.666757.6Ref.4845.377457.8Ref.
v107: (+) with feverX27040.739359.30.06511640.643537.60.3774542.550637.80.351
Total66310078110028610011581001061001338100
  • *Categorisation based on the previous review (Black et al. 2013).15

  • †χ2 test (Fisher’s exact test)

  • ‡A total of 1258 children were tested for anaemia as a result of exclusion of 240 children (=138 children under 6 months of age+102 children having rejected blood sampling).

  • §p<0.05, **p<0.01.