Article Text

Download PDFPDF

5 Change of dietary and lifestyle habits during and after the COVID-19 lockdown in cyprus: repeated cross-sectional surveys
  1. Maria Kyprianidou1,
  2. Stavri Chrysostomou1,
  3. Costas A Christophi2 and
  4. Konstantinos Giannakou1
  1. 1School of Sciences, European University Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
  2. 2Cyprus International Institute for Environmental and Public Health, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol, Cyprus


Background People’s dietary and lifestyle habits appeared to be influenced by restrictive measures imposed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to examine the differences in dietary and lifestyle habits during and after the lockdown measures in Cyprus.

Methods Two online cross-sectional surveys were conducted, using a self-administered, anonymous questionnaire to collect information on sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, smoking habits, physical activity, and dietary habits. The first survey was conducted between the 6th of April 2020 until the 20th of June 2020 (during national lockdown) while the second survey was conducted between the 27th of October 2021 to the 20th of January 2022 (post-lockdown).

Results A total of 2503 individuals participated in the study. A higher consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, fish, and poultry was identified during lockdown compared to the period after the lockdown. Moreover, a daily greater intake of olive oil and a lower consumption of alcohol was found during the confinement period compared to the post-confinement period. During lockdown, the majority of participants (43.0%) never or rarely used delivery services, whist the majority of the participants after lockdown used the delivery services 1-3 times per month (37.0%) (p<0.001). During lockdown, around 66% of the participants were physically active, compared to 55.5% after lockdown (p<0.001). Furthermore, when compared to those with a normal BMI, more overweight and obese respondents ordered food 1-2 times per week in both periods (p<0.001).

Conclusions Dietary and lifestyle habits of the participants were healthier throughout the lockdown period than after the end of the restrictive measures due to COVID-19 pandemic. It is critical to encourage the Cypriot population to maintain the healthy dietary and lifestyle habits established during the lockdown in their daily lives after the confinement.

This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See:

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.